History of AI development

The history of artificial intelligence (AI) is marked by significant milestones, notably Alan Turing's conceptualization of the Turing machine in the 1930s. This theoretical device laid the groundwork for understanding computation's limits and capabilities.

After World War II, the aspiration for human-like intelligent machines emerged. The term "artificial intelligence" was coined by John McCarthy in the late 1950s. Despite setbacks in the 1970s-1980s (the "AI winter"), progress resumed in the 1990s with advancements in machine learning and computing power. The 21st century witnessed breakthroughs in deep learning, enabling feats like language translation and autonomous driving. Generative AI, capable of creating content, has revolutionized industries such as advertising, entertainment, and design.